The History of Amethyst Galleries, Inc.

The First Internet Rock Shop!

Amethyst Galleries (The Natural Choice for Gifts!) opened in 1990 with a small store in the Town & Country Shopping Center in Kettering, Ohio, a suburb of Dayton. Previously, Doris had sold some mineral specimens in a gift shop that she owned (selling hair and fashion accessories), but Amethyst Galleries was opened as a dedicated nature store, selling minerals, fossils and other items with similar appeal. The business was incorporated as Amethyst Galleries, Inc. on November 11, 1993. Along the way, we opened another store in the Salem Mall in Trotwood, Ohio, and then a large store in The Mall at Fairfield Commons in Beavercreek, Ohio, all suburbs of Dayton.

Steve was a software consultant back in those days, working for Wright Laboratories, the research wing of the US Air Force. While the concept of the World Wide Web was created by Tim Berners-Lee at CERN (who went public with the very first web site in August of 1991), the WWW didn't really take off until the first browser capable of displaying graphics was created in 1993. Mosaic was that browser, and directly led to the explosion of the Internet. In 1993, there were perhaps 200 web servers. In 1994, there were thousands. In 1995, tens of thousands.

Back to Steve: after creating one of the first web sites for the US Air Force back in late spring 1994, he "saw the writing on the wall" and began working on a web site for Amethyst Galleries. The site went live (with perhaps two dozen species described) in September of 1994, but it was just via a numeric IP address. While we owned the domain, it had not been assigned a permanent IP address yet. We had applied for a permanent block of IP addresses (that’s how it worked back then), but address assignments and domain name registration was in a state of flux during that period. More mineral species were added each month, along with a few specimens for sale.

In any case, in early 1995 the dust settled such that only major ISPs were given blocks of IP addresses to give out to their customers. We received our IP address assignment, provided the address of our DNS server to the NIC and immediately changed the web site to use The first problem was getting the several hundred sites that already linked to us to change from the numeric IP to - a process that took most of a year to complete. In March of 1995, had approximately a two hundred page web site, describing over one hundred mineral species and varieties.

Thinking ahead (or not thinking, you decide), Steve planned for the minerals to be in the domain, fossils in, and so forth. Eventually, the home page of would simply provide an index to the list of galleries. Perhaps someday (but Steve's been saying that for at least 10 years now). 

Side note: we created a "Mineral Gallery", and a few hundred successors decided that they needed a "mineral gallery" also. One enterprising individual grabbed the domain "" and claimed to be "The Original Online Mineral Gallery for all rock, mineral, and crystal enthusiasts!" Huh? They also claim "Since 1997", so we beat them by 3 years. Not sure what they've been smoking. And ignorance is no excuse, since everyone in the mineral business knew of us. We were first, and nearly every college, university, and non-governmental web site dealing with minerals linked to us. We were hard to miss, even before Google. Along a similar vein, there is a very interesting YouTube video (by Justin Zzyzx) about the Internet archive and the first Internet mineral dealer (it points out that Jendon Minerals makes absurd claims of being first). See

Ahh, the good old days. Doris used to spend each day visiting EVERY new site on the web. Back in 1994 and 1995, that was from ten to fifty web sites a day. She stopped doing that when the number of new sites per day passed one hundred. Now, the site that once catalogued all new web sites no longer exists (yet it was one of the most popular back in its heyday).

The first year or so, we ran the web server out of our home on a 128kb ISDN line. Of course, almost everyone had dial-up lines, and 28kbps was a pretty fast modem. We could reasonably handle perhaps a dozen simultaneous browsers. Colleges with T1 lines quickly overwhelmed the ISDN line during the day, however.

Eventually we moved the server, web site and all, to a “server farm” in Westerville, Ohio which had multiple high speed lines. This was also the first time our numeric IP address changed, and it took weeks to complete the transition.

We closed the last of our mall stores in January of 1996, and became our only outlet (other than occasional mineral shows). Business was good, and growing every month. But we now had competition, and as the number of dealers on the Internet increased, our sales peaked and began to decline. I remember one Tucson show (or perhaps it was a Denver show), I talked to perhaps two dozen dealers who were testing the Internet waters, and most of them sold about one rock per month. But five hundred dealers selling one rock per month took a huge bite out of our sales, even as total Internet mineral sales were growing considerably. Today, there are hundreds of active mineral dealers on the Internet, over a thousand if you include individual sellers at sites such as eBay.

Eventually, we moved our server to a higher-speed, lower-cost facility down in Boca Raton, Florida. Our server was a dedicated blade in a huge facility in Florida, with OC12 or faster connections to all of the Tier 1 ISPs, a hurricane proof building with a 30-day backup generator, a 24-hour staff, etc. The web site contains over 1,000 static pages describing over 600 mineral species and varieties, physical characteristics, dozens of rocks, plus the database generated specimen pages, and with over 20,000 mineral photos it requires nearly 4 gigabytes to back up.

In 2007, we totaled nearly 3.5 million visitors, and delivered over 60 million “hits” (from about 15 million page views). Our total delivered bandwidth exceeded 500 GB, comparable to the total delivered bandwidth of the entire Internet in 1993, or about 5% of the total Internet bandwidth in 1994. My, how times have changed.

In 2009, we totaled 4.5 million visits, 13.6 million page views (by humans, and not counting cached pages), and a total bandwidth exceeding 880 gigabytes.

We are almost entirely advertiser supported, and we wish to extend our heartfelt thanks to our visitors who shop through our pages every day. We'd have to close this web site if it was not for you. In a sense, we are the equivalent of local TV stations (supported by advertising), versus web sites such as Wikipedia, supported by donations (and equivalent to PBS TV stations which are partly taxpayer supported by government grants). reported in 2010 that over 7,800 sites link to Amethyst Galleries' home page. Note that we have never done link exchanges (which helps keep us ranked high on Google). We plan to continue growing. The move to a largely advertising supported approach enables us to increase the number of mineral species we describe (since we no longer need to sell specimens to justify a page), plus expand to other related things such as rocks, and even new or controversial concepts such as "primordial minerals".

In March, 2023, our server "blade" died, and we decided to bite the bullet and move Amethyst Galleries into the Cloud! Part of our rationale was that the server farm decided that we needed to re-install the OS (Windows Server 2008) from scratch, then install all of our support softare, then they would attempt to restore our "user data" (the web site files), while expressing concerns that the backups we had been paying them to conduct might have been corrupted. Worse, they did not want to re-install our original (now unsupported) OS, but rather a newer OS (at a higher price), and then install new and compatible versions of the support software. So, we are moving to the Cloud, gaining higher performance, secure access (https), higher reliability, and higher availability, but at the cost of losing our server-side includes, our CGI scripts (which handle the mineral specimen database), our custom search engine, and incurring other changes such as case independence, and user-friendly names (such as "rhodochrosite) that required an IIS module to re-write and re-direct URLs. We have already implemented some of these changes, and more are on the way.

So, our old site is dead. The new site is alive (with limited functionality but with essentially all of the educational content). It will take a while to re-implement our mineral search, and our user-friendly mineral names. We'll eventually replace our CGI scripts with new web pages that list the specimen descriptions and images in our specimen database. Would you believe that the site now includes over 1,000 web pages, and 24,000 images, totalling over 1.2 GB! Long live the New Site!

Classes of Minerals

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